Does Aspiration Pneumonia Require Hospitalization?

Is Aspiration an emergency?

First responders, doctors, nurses, and other healthcare providers must always treat aspiration pneumonia as a medical emergency with a high mortality risk..

How do you treat aspiration pneumonia at home?

To help with pneumoniaTake your antibiotics as directed. … Take your medicines exactly as prescribed. … Get plenty of rest and sleep. … Take care of your cough so you can rest. … Use a humidifier to increase the moisture in the air. … Do not smoke, and avoid others’ smoke.More items…

How quickly does aspiration pneumonia?

Symptoms of chemical pneumonitis include sudden shortness of breath and a cough that develops within minutes or hours. Other symptoms may include fever and pink frothy sputum. In less severe cases, the symptoms of aspiration pneumonia may occur a day or two after inhalation of the toxin.

How is aspiration pneumonia treated?

For aspiration pneumonia, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines recommend a beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor, clindamycin, or a carbapenem. Some examples include clindamycin 600 mg IV every 8 hours (followed by 300 mg orally 4 times/day) and amoxicillin/clavulanate 875 mg IV every 12 hours.

How serious is aspiration pneumonia?

Aspiration pneumonia can cause severe complications, especially if a person waits too long to go to the doctor. The infection may progress quickly and spread to other areas of the body. It may also spread to the bloodstream, which is especially dangerous. Pockets or abscesses may form in the lungs.

What is the mortality rate of aspiration pneumonia?

Several studies revealed that aspiration pneumonia contributes 5% to 15% of all community-acquired pneumonia. A retrospective study performed on 628 patients with aspiration pneumonia showed a 30-day mortality of 21%.

What is the most likely cause of his aspiration pneumonia?

Aspiration pneumonia most often develops due to micro-aspiration of saliva, or bacteria carried on food and liquids, in combination with impaired host immune function.

How do you know if you have aspiration pneumonia?

SymptomsChest pain.Coughing up foul-smelling, greenish or dark phlegm (sputum), or phlegm that contains pus or blood.Fatigue.Fever.Shortness of breath.Wheezing.Breath odor.Excessive sweating.More items…

Can aspiration pneumonia go away on its own?

Pulmonary aspiration is when you inhale food, stomach acid, or saliva into your lungs. You can also aspirate food that travels back up from your stomach to your esophagus. All of these things may carry bacteria that affect your lungs. Healthy lungs can clear up on their own.

What to do if aspiration occurs?

For people aspiration pneumonia, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics to help clear the infection. When aspiration results from a medical condition, such as a stroke, speech therapy may help to improve a person’s swallowing reflex and lower their risk of aspiration.

How long after aspiration do symptoms occur?

Symptoms usually occur within the first hour of aspiration, but almost all patients have symptoms within 2 hours of aspiration.